Home Prepper [Tutorial] How to Build a Bug Out Bag Correctly

[Tutorial] How to Build a Bug Out Bag Correctly

by Anthony

Do You Have A SHTF Plan?

Bug Out Bag ChecklistLeaving your shelter, leaving your home during a crisis is counter to your instincts and to what many experts recommend. However, there may be situations where staying in your home or even in your community is life threatening.

Making the decision to leave your home may well be one of the most difficult decisions you make during a disaster. Situations that may force you to leave your home can include a nuclear detonation where radioactive fallout is a threat along with a chemical or biological attack. Natural threats that can force you from your home can include the threat of tsunamis, flooding from heavy rains or tidal surges and destructive winds.

Create a Bug Out Plan

Some individuals and families will convince themselves they would never leave their home under any circumstance. This means they have not planned for evacuation because they refuse to accept the fact they may have to. Once reality strikes however, and the disaster is looming, people will evacuate. Read our article on creating a family survival plan

Without the proper planning, you can flee one crisis only to be thrust into another. Start now looking at alternative locations (bug-out-locations). Use online mapping software that shows terrain and natural resources along with population density to help you find an area to evacuate too.

State and federal parks are one option as well as using property that friends or family may own. Once you leave your area because of a disaster you simply cannot drive aimlessly around you must have a destination in mind. You should be able to get to the location using only have of a tank of fuel and the other half is for getting back home or moving from the alternative location. Service stations may not be in operation, and if they are, there may be a fuel shortage, so do not assume you can refuel along the route.

Locate parks that are far enough away from large metropolitan areas to be safe from nuclear, chemical or biological fallout.
Map out various routes to your destination, and make sure you avoid bridges, tunnels and elevated highways because you can become trapped in these areas. Use back roads as much as possible because most people will use the most logical routes, which will result in traffic jams.
In some circumstances, either you may have to travel on foot the entire way or part of the way if you find the highways and roads are blocked. Have bug-out-bags at the ready even if you can make your way out of the area by vehicle because you will need a way to carry supplies if your vehicle breaks down or the roads are blocked half way to your destination.

Bug Out Bag

Your bug out bag would be in addition to any supplies you have stockpiled in your home and differs slightly from a get home bag. Individuals and families tend to focus their efforts on stockpiling supplies in their homes and then find they have a problem if they have to evacuate. They simply do not know what to do with their supplies other than to leave them behind. You may have to leave quickly so having bags at the ready is critical. You will not have the time to begin packing if the situation in your area becomes hostile or otherwise dangerous.
You cannot depend on motels and hotels because they will fill up quickly. You should have the means in your packs to survive using your vehicle as shelter as well as tents and tarps if you find yourself at a national or state park.

This points out the importance of gaining knowledge and the skill sets to live away from your home during a crisis. Once you find yourself at a national or state park you must have the supplies, materials, skills and the knowledge to survive using the natural resources available. State and federal parks typical have areas ideal for camps, and will usually have surface water sources. In some cases, the parks may have structures throughout the park that can be used.
For more information on national parks, please visit Sierra Club Website

The Bug Out Bag Checklist

Each member of the group should have their own bag if they are old enough to carry one. Avoid having one person carry the water and one the food and so on. If a member becomes separated, from the family, you do not want them to have items critical to the entire team and the person lost must have emergency essentials so they can survive on their own as well. Make the packs identical. Looking for a Bug Out Bag Checklist, Download the PDF

  1. Each pack needs three days’ supply of H2O, which for hydration only is 1.5 gallons (two quarts daily)
  2. Three days’ supply of food such as protein bars, Meals Ready to Eat ( two per day for adults), beef jerky and peanut butter and crackers, avoid canned goods or foods that require liquid for preparation such as freeze dried or dehydrated foods
  3. Small one person tent or two tarps for shelter
  4. Two thermal (Mylar) blankets
  5. Rain poncho
  6. Whistle/signal mirror
  7. Communication device
  8. Knife/multi-tool
  9. Waterproof matches, lighters and alternative fire starting materials such as a magnesium stick or Ferro rods
  10. Lensatic compass and maps of the area, state and country
  11. Sleeping bag if room allows, roll tight and secure on the outside of the pack
  12. 50 feet of nylon rope
  13. Small camp axe/machete or folding wood saw
  14. Insect repellent and/or netting
  15. Person hygiene items and include hand sanitizer and bath wipes to avoid using liquid for bathing and hand cleaning
  16. Hat, work gloves, several bandanas, sun screen, lip balm and sunglasses
  17. First aid supplies and common over the counter medications for pain, stomach upset and allergies
  18. Water purification tablets
  19. Two stainless steel canteens that can be worn on a belt (can also be used to boil water for purification)

Bug Out Bag Turorial

Bug Out Bag Checklist

Once again, the items in your bug-out-bag are in addition to any supplies you place in your vehicle and have stored inside your home.

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13 comments

Prepper August 19, 2015 - 5:55 pm

Just a note. Make sure you only add what you can carry. Water weighs 8lbs per gallon. Take that in to consideration also.

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Chieffmo March 21, 2016 - 8:52 pm

I would like to see written list/details of what each guy has in their BOBs and other items discussed. Videos are good but the written dialog is better to remember. This way I have a list of items to compare for purchase.

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Steven Correa August 14, 2016 - 9:50 pm

* 3 pair Socks/Underwear Wrapped Tightly in Bread bags. They’re individually combined w/ a 1/1 Ratio of Sock/Underwear so that when I change out, I don’t need to open Multiple bags just to get what I need. Plus, I can place the Dirty items into the Same bag I removed them from. (Which would also be cleaned when I wash the Dirty clothes.
* 2 T’s + Change of Pants wrapped Tightly in Bread bags.
* Spare Bread Bags to place over Socks before placing in Shoe/Boot. This will keep feet Dry. Can also be used to ‘Catch’ water. (Note: Be sure to remove any Excess bag,so that it Cannot make sound as you move about.)
* Lensatic Compass + 1 Compact Mirror.
* Ferro Rods + Multiple containers of Magnesium.
* 1 Lg. Bag of PayDay candy bars.
* Life Straw
* Survival Knife + Pocket knife.
* J5 Tactical Flashlight. (W/4 spare Batts.)
* Mylar Blanket. (+ 1 Pack “Emergency Hand Warmer.)
* Pouch w/Fishing stuff.
* Handheld HAM Radio (GT3) w/Extendable Antennae and Mic. 1 Spare battery.)
* Small Hatchet + Machete. (Attached to outside of BOB or ILBE.)
* First Aid kit: 50 IBU; Tourniquet; Blood Clot Powder; Dental Floss (doubles as thread for Clothes, Gear repair, as well as Stitch Thread; Needles; Hemostats; Wraps for Sprains; Ear Plugs to keep Cold Air Out of ear canals.
* Tac. (+ Jersey) Gloves, 3 season Full Face Cover; Schamag, 1x (Black) Carhartt Stocking Cap.
* Spare USB Charger for Automobiles, and USB Charger.
* Half Roll of Electrical Tape.
* 2 different Styles/Sizes of Whet Stones.
* 50′ Bull Tape.
* 4’x6′ Green (Cloth) Screen Net.
* Pocket New Testament.
* 300 Liter Camel Back (USMC) that I have converted to be attachable to BOB & ILBE Clips.
* Hygiene Items: Toothbrush/Paste, 1 Bar Ivory Soap.
* Handcuff Key, and P50 Can Opener (just in case I run into some Canned goods.)
* Survival Book (Cover Removed to make it compactable/Flexible, and Gorilla Taped on Back to ensure stability).This book gives Detailed information Regarding Star/Planetary information, and a Ton of Other pertinent info.
Total Weight of pack is under 20# excluding Full Camelback, and I have room for extra ammo & Clips. My BOB is a Small Tactical Combat Pack w/2 External Pouches, and 1 Main Pouch, with Mods done to the Buckles so I can attach it to my ILBE when/if I am able to get to it. It is also Modified with Shoulder & Waist straps from an older ALICE Pack.

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Steven Correa August 14, 2016 - 8:21 pm

1. Three Days Water Alone would take up over 50% of your BOB Space; not to mention the Weight value. And it needs to be understood that you CANNOT [Secure] Water containers as you can Solid items. They’re going to Slosh around: Meaning that they will be throwing your Balance off as you Maneuver. Something that [Needs] to be considered.
2. There’s absolutely No need for a Tent/Tarp, and a Mylar Blanket, and a Poncho. Pick One, and make it Versatile.
3. Insect Repellent? Use Mud or Dirt or Learn which Brush or tree acts as a Repellent in your area. this saves Space in your BOB, and can also serve as Camo.
4. Whistle? Um, if you’re trying to evade Capture, the Last thing you need is a Whistle.
5. Hand Sanitizer? I about laughed when I seen this. Sure, it could be used to cleanse your rear, but consider the aftermath: Unbelievably painful chaffing due to it’s Drying effect. Do NOT put this in your BOB!
6. Sunscreen/Lip Balm? I’m [sure] that there is going to be 1001 things Near you that can be used that can serve as a Sun Blocker. Even if it is mere Dirt. (Tip: Sweat+Dirt=Mud. Mud equates to 100% Sunblocker.)
7. Sunglasses? Charcoal under the Eyes works Great, and will not detract your ability to see better. (Keep in mind, ‘Glass’ or plastic of Any kind also serves as a ‘Reflector,’ and they will be visible for a Long Distance. Attracting attention from people that you’re likely not want to run into.

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Sheena Harvy August 15, 2016 - 6:43 pm

I have some hand sanitizer in my kit, but I think of it more as for preventing infections, clensing superficial wounds and such. Not as a prissy, “ooo my hands are germmy”… kind of thing. But the discovery of ‘hand washing’ went a long way to preventing illness and contributing to the longer life span most of us enjoy in this century.

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Steven Correa August 16, 2016 - 5:03 am

Hi Sheena; I ‘Hear’ what you’re saying, and admittedly, I could/should have worded that better. To be honest. But I really did find it humorous. While I will not argue with your reasoning, because I genuinely believe that people are free to Choose what they want to; I stand by my opinion. And here’s why.
1. Hand Sanitizer does Not (will not) work as well as you would hope it to, regarding Cleansing Superficial wounds. Atleast [nowhere] as good as Neosporin or Triple-Antibiotic Cream [does]. There are simply No Healing Agents within it. Pure and Simple.
2. Now that people are actually Aware of how the maintenance of their Hands could keep them Healthier, they’re much more apt to Cleanse them. Which, in all reality, can be done w/Rocks and Water; even common Dirt, helps Cleanse hands. (Seriously)
3. In my mind, “Space” is not an option that I would be willing to give up. Especially when it comes to something as Small and Limited as a BOB is. And given that Neosporin or a Triple-Antibiotic goes a Lot further than Hand Sanitizer, I would rather utilize that valuable space for something that would serve my needs a lot better.
Hope that this will help you better understand my Mindset. And I appreciate your taking the time to read it. Thanks!
Just out of curiosity; was there Anything [positive] that you took away from what I shared in my earlier Post?

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Steven Correa August 27, 2016 - 7:14 am

lol, I don’t consider you a Troll… (funny!)

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Steven Correa August 29, 2016 - 9:13 pm

Thanks for the compliment, and you’re Welcome for “The share”. lol (You know, there are people out there who could walk out their front door, with merely the shirts on the backs and shoes on their feet; and survive & thrive doing it. That is how We should be preparing to accomplish. As long as we have ‘Need’, we will always be vulnerable.n Which is why we should make sure that we are at Peace with God, Sheena.

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Sheena Harvy August 30, 2016 - 2:40 am

You are preaching to the choir. Few years back I left the East Coast with nothing but a backpack and the clothes I was wearing. Managed do all the things I needed to do and now I work from home I have a nice apartment that I have furnished and I even have a pretty nice car. I don’t think I do too badly in the woods either if I had to do something like that. Not a pretty girl… What is king size Serta sleeper probably suits me better than a bed pine needles and Moss. Or here in the desert, sand and dirt. LOL

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Steven Correa August 30, 2016 - 7:50 am

That did my heart good to hear, Sheena. (Very Good!) And I appreciate your sharing it with me. I had to laugh about the Serta Sleeper Vs Pine Needles and Moss… lol, yeah,you may be get’n ‘SAWFT’ 😉 (joke) I can’t think of anyone who’d prefer Needles over comfy foam, so don’t be too hard on urself… lol
As for the “Not a pretty girl” comment, I’d like to say that “Pretty” is an over rated word, and when you look at yourself in the Mirror; remember to look into your Eyes. When you do, you’ll notice something peculiar: You’ll see an impartial eyeball looking back you and accepting you for who you are! 😉 (“Beauty”? What is Beauty??? In all reality, you’re very beautiful just for the Fact that you Care about your life. I can say this much, the mere fact that you even responded to my Comment to Your comment says a Lot about your Heart (your Character)… So don’t be so hard on yourself! (Deal?)

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Sheena Harvy September 2, 2016 - 9:41 pm

OMG I just reread my post I really need to re-read before posting. That was actually supposed to say “I’m not a very prissy girl.”
lol but bless you for your kind words. I will keep them for the day is when I really need them most…. thank you.

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Steven Correa September 3, 2016 - 6:20 am

Aw, okay; well, I’m happy to hear that you’re not one of those Gals that look Down on yourself! 😉 And to hear that you’re not a prissy Gal, made me lol! 😀

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