Home Food Storage How Many Oxygen Absorbers to Use

How Many Oxygen Absorbers to Use

by Derrick James
how many oxygen absorbers to use chart feature
They’re cheap and effective. Oxygen absorbers are a staple for long-term food storage.

I spent the better part of last weekend working on my food storage and kept facing the same question: how many oxygen absorbers do I use? For several months I have been building up my freeze dried foods and really haven’t done any work on my long term buckets. So I decided to purchase 50lbs of flour, 25lbs of sugar, and 25lbs of rolled oats. While storing these bulk items, I thought that sharing my chart on oxygen absorbers would be a great benefit to ya’ll.

Before we get to the number of oxygen absorbers you need, the first thing you need to think about is what size.

What are Oxygen Absorbers?

oxygen absorber packet
A small oxygen absorber packet.

Oxygen absorbers are small packets of an iron powder mix that, when exposed to oxygen, becomes iron oxide. This process sucks the oxygen out of any airtight container you are putting them in. When used in Mylar bags, you will see the effects after the all of the oxygen has been absorbed, because the bag will seal tight against the food.

These oxygen absorbers are critical for long-term food storage, because oxygen will destroy your food over the longer term.

Oxygen in your food storage can cause:

  • discoloration in your food
  • stale flavor
  • the growth of contaminants

Oxygen absorbers should be used by preppers and homesteaders to store foods such as rice, beans, pasta, cereal, nuts, noodles, flour, seeds, pet food, and even long-term coffee storage.

Use these and you will no longer have the problem of oxidization or of insects that plague others’ food stores who don’t utilize this wonderful science.

How Many Oxygen Absorbers Do You Need?

So you’ve gotten to the point where you’re convinced you need an oxygen absorber? Good, that means you’re making progress on your preps. The next thing to figure out is what size to place in containers you plan to store food items in. If you are like most frugal preppers, you are probably thinking about storing the bulk food in Mylar bags and food-grade buckets. Wise move, they’re popular for a reason.

Bonus – add some Gamma Seal lids to your buckets to make getting in and out of it a whole lot easier.

The number of oxygen absorbers you need depends on the food you are storing, the container, and the size of the absorbers. The needs vary so you should consult the following chart for reference.

Oxygen Absorber Chart

Oxygen absorbers take all oxygen out of your food so that it stays fresh longer. Undershooting on this will give you some benefit, but not the full effect it could have. A packet that is too small will not be able to keep up with the amount of space you have available.

Having too large of an oxygen absorber will not harm your food and will be effective. However, you will end up spending more than you needed, but better to err on the side of overkill here as oxygen absorbers do not cost that much.

ContainerDense Food (wheat, flour, grains)Less Dense Food (pasta, beans)
Food Storage BucketsTotal CCsTotal CCs
6-Gallon Food Bucket20002500-3000
5-Gallon Food Bucket20002500-3000
Mylar Food Storage BagsTotal CCsTotal CCs
20″ x 30″ (4.25, 5, and 6 gal)20002500-3000
18″ x 28″ (4.25, 5, and 6 gal)20002500-3000
14″ x 20″ (2 gal)10001500-2000
14″ x 18″ x 6″ (2 gal)10001500-2000
12″ x 18″ (1.5 gal)500-8001000-1200
12″ x 16″ x 6″ (1.5 gal)500-8001000-1200
10″ x 14″ (1 gal)300-400400
10″ x 14″ x 4″ (1 gal)300-400400
8″ x 12″ (1/2 gal)100-200200-400
8″ x 12″ x 4″ (1/2 gal)100-200200-400
6″ x 10″ (1/4 gal)100100-200
6″ x 8″ x 2″ (1/4 gal)100100-200
Oxygen Absorber Food Storage Chart (source)

It’s helpful to have smaller oxygen absorber packets on hand in a pinch. You can combine several with small cc readings to get to the number of cc you need for a larger storage space. Smaller packets are also helpful for spacing them out in larger containers. In other words, you are better off placing ten 100cc absorbers throughout a Mylar bag (as an example) than you are just throwing one 1000cc absorber on the top or bottom.

There are nearly as many different ideas of what ratio to use as there are people who use them. Some use varying ratios for different foods based on their density. Items that store closely together with little air between food particles such as rice and beans need less cc (cubic centimeters). Foods such as pasta need more cc.

This chart will be especially be helpful for those who are just starting out. Once you’ve used oxygen absorbers for a while, you’ll be able to follow your instincts a bit more.

Oxygen absorbers will take about 4 hours to work once they are sealed up with your food.

Can You Use Too Many Oxygen Absorbers?

The only harm that will come from using too many oxygen absorbers is in spending more money on them than you need. Since there is no harm in using too many, and you are better off using more than you need than too few.

Armed with the facts you now have, you’re ready to make an informed decision. A little cost will go a long way in keeping your food in much better condition for longer durations of time.

Buying and Using Oxygen Absorbers

If you’ve reached this far in the article, you are ready to buy some absorbers and put those to use in your food preps.

Where to Buy Oxygen Absorbers

These O2 absorbers can be purchased in many places. Strangely, most of the long-term food storage suppliers don’t sell absorbers. Perhaps that’s because they are all in the freeze-dried food niche. I suspect it’s also the case that the profit margin on these is not very high. That leaves the typical shopper left with the obvious option: Amazon.

How to Use Oxygen Absorbers

unopened packet of oxygen absorbers
One of my unopened packs of O2 absorbers.

Oxygen absorbers come sealed in airtight packaging. Makes sense, doesn’t it? If they didn’t they would absorb all of the air in the packaging thereby rendering them useless for your food storage purposes. In other words, they would come already used.

This brings us to the first step in using oxygen absorbers: be prepared to use them immediately after opening them.

As soon as you open their airtight seal, they will start absorbing oxygen. Whenever I am setting up food to seal, I get everything ready before I open the absorbers. This means I ready all of the foods in their individual Mylar bags, I get my clothes iron hot and ready for sealing those bags, and only then do I open the absorbers. I open the package, throw in the appropriate number of absorbers according to the chart I posted above, and immediately begin sealing bags.

You Need Mylar Bags

mylar bags
Different sized Mylar bags I use.

O2 absorbers on their own won’t do you any good. You need a strong bag to seal your foods in. Of course, food also lasts longer when it is kept from the light, so your typical clear plastic bag is not going to work. You need a permanent seal in a bag that blocks light. You need Mylar bags.

These get sealed with a hot clothes iron. I set out a scrap piece of lumber, put food in the bags, throw in the appropriate number of absorbers, squeeze out what air I can, and then seal the bag shut by running the hot iron across it several times on top of the scrap lumber. Then you just wait 4 hours and the absorbers should have done their job.

Like the absorbers, your best go-to place for different sized Mylar bags is straight to Amazon.

Advanced preppers might consider moving up to a decent vacuum sealer for additional food-saving options.

Stay Organized

Serious preppers know the importance of staying organized. This is particularly important with food preps. If you seal all of your foods into Mylar bags and just toss them on some shelves, you will quickly forget which bag is what. You will just see a sea of silver.

I write directly on my Mylar bags. If I’m sealing something in food grade buckets, I writer on cheap masking tape and stick it to the bucket with the contents, amount of contents, and the sealed date.

food grade bucket label
Just one of my pinto bean buckets. Twenty-four pounds of pinto beans sealed in June 2018.

Sealing this Article Up

I hope this article has proven useful and worth your time. If you are going to be stocking long-term food more regularly, bookmark this page for future reference or pin our Pinterest pin.

Have a different experience or advice for others? Let us know in the comments section.

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